Archive for 02/01/2011 - 03/01/2011
It consists of three parts:
- The Solution of the Problem of Democracy: 'The Authority of the People'
- The Solution of the Economic Problem: 'Socialism'
- The Social Basis of the Third International Theory
The Green Book rejects modern liberal democracy and encourages the institution of a form of direct democracy based on popular committees. Critics charge that Qaddafi uses these committees as tools of autocratic political repression in practice.
An English translation is available from the Libyan government.
A bilingual (English and Arabic) edition was issued in London by Martin, Brian & O'Keeffe in 1976.
The Green Book
UN Security Council holds Libya meeting
1 day ago
UNITED NATIONS — The UN Security Council held formal consultations Tuesday on the Libya crisis with western nations pressing for a strong statement on the violence roiling the North African nation.
"There is even more concern after what was a very worrying speech by Moamer Kadhafi," said one diplomat before the meeting of the 15-nation council.
The Security Council held informal consultations earlier as the Libyan leader vowed to crush protests against his rule amid fears of hundreds killed in a bloody clampdown by his regime.
Germany's ambassador, Peter Wittig, called for the Security Council to take "swift and clear" action on Libya.
Britain's Foreign Secretary William Hague said the UN Security Council "must bring its influence to bear."
He added that Britain "will condemn the violence and call on all parties to respect human rights and act with restraint and in accordance with international law. We will raise the Libyan government?s responsibility to offer full protection to foreign nationals in Libya."
Libya's UN Ambassador Mohamed Shalgham spoke to the Security Council about the protests along with B. Lynn Pascoe, UN under-secretary-general for political affairs.
Shalgham arrived at the meeting separately from his deputy ambassador, Ibrahim Dabbashi, who has called for Kadhafi to stand down and requested Tuesday's meeting.
Dabbashi sent a letter demanding that the Security Council order a no-fly zone over Libya and for a humanitarian corridor to get supplies to civilians. But diplomats said no action has yet been discussed.
Read more at www.google.com
"Kadhafi is my friend. I can criticize him but I cannot attack him," Shalgham told reporters. "He is very brave."
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2011 05:22 GMT
First such passage through Egyptian channel since 1979 Islamic revolution is condemned by Israel as a "provocation".
Two Iranian naval ships have passed through Egypt's Suez Canal into the Mediterranean Sea heading for Syria, a source at the canal authority told the Reuters news agency.
The ships entered the canal at 03:45 GMT on Tuesday and passed into the Mediterranean at 13:30GMT, the Suez Canal Authority source said.
"Their return is expected to be on March 3," the source said.
The two vessels, Alvand, a patrol frigate and Kharg, a supply ship, are the first naval vessels going through the canal since Iran's 1979 Islamic revolution, after which diplomatic ties between Egypt and Iran were strained.
Egypt's ruling military council, facing its first diplomatic challenge since taking power on February 11, approved the vessels' passage through the canal.
The Suez Canal cuts through Egypt and allows shipping to pass from the Middle East to Europe and vice versa without going around the southern tip of Africa. The canal is a vital global trading route and a major source of revenue for the Egyptian authorities.
Israel takes a "grave view" of the passage of the ships.
On Sunday, after a weekly meeting of his cabinet, Binyamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, denounced the ships' arrival in the region as an Iranian power play.
And last week, the prospect of the Suez crossing was described by Avigdor Lieberman, Israel's far-right foreign minister, as a "provocation" by Iran.
But an Iranian diplomat said that: "This will be a routine visit, within international law, in line with the co-operation between Iran and Syria, who have strategic ties.
"The ships will spend a few days in Syrian ports for training purposes, having already visited several countries including Oman and Saudi Arabia."
The decision was a difficult one for Egypt's interim government as Cairo is an ally of the US and has a peace treaty with Israel.
However, Egypt's official MENA news agency has reported that the request for the ships to transit the canal was granted because they were not carrying weapons or nuclear and chemical materials.
Read more at english.aljazeera.net
The 1,500-tonne Alvand is normally armed with torpedoes and anti-ship missiles, while the larger 33,000-tonne Kharg has a crew of 250 and facilities for up to three helicopters, Iran's official Fars news agency said.
Amplify’d from www.nytimes.com
Japan began excavations on Monday at a former army medical school to search for human remains linked to a notorious World War II program that allegedly conducted biological warfare in China and live experiments on foreign prisoners of war. The government has never acknowledged the activities of the military’s shadowy Unit 731, although they have been documented by historians and participants. The excavation follows revelations by a former nurse that she helped bury body parts at the Tokyo site as American forces began occupying the capital at the end of the war.
Read more at www.nytimes.com
Published: February 21, 2011
Egypt riots and Oil
By TOBIAS VANDERBRUCK for OIL-PRICE.NET, 2011/01/31
Riots over high food are snowballing through the Middle East, and the latest theatre of these riots, Egypt, has Western Powers worried. Very worried. Never mind a democratic regime, free elections and freedom of speech. The real worry here is oil, or the control thereof.
Egyptians are starving because Egypt is past Peak Oil
Egypt's oil production peaked in 1996 at 922,000 barrels/day. Since then, Egypt's oil output has declined an alarming 26%. Moreover this decline is amplified each year as the rate of depletion in existing wells accelerates. As in most middle-eastern oil exporting nations, oil accounts for the quasi totality of this country's exports and economy (not a single Egyptian company is listed on the SP500). Egypt which used to be self-sufficient in all basic food groups back in the 1960s now imports most of its food and the state has relied on oil revenues to subsidize food prices. But as Egypt's post-peak oil production plummets, so do food subsidies and food prices surge. Unlike the USA which can and does print more dollars sold to the Chinese to counter its trade deficit, Egypt cannot find buyers for the currency it prints and double-digit inflation is the norm. As food prices increase worldwide, this increase in price is multiplied in food importing countries like Egypt with a weak currency. But the real reason why these riots are so publicized in the West lies in the disastrous consequences they may have for the Global Oil Supply.
Egyptian riots may disrupt US oil supply
Nearly 3 million barrels of oil transit daily through the Suez Canal, as much as Canada's daily output, making it one of the world's most important oil routes. The tankers ferrying this oil are coming from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and neighbouring producers and are for the most part headed to US shores and to a lesser extent Western Europe which also relies on the North Sea and Russia for its oil supply. Unfortunately Egypt is the country which controls the Suez Canal and as the food riots gradually take the shape of a revolution, the future of the Canal becomes a million dollar question. As it stands, the possibilities are endless, among which here are some likely scenario to ponder:
- A labor strike may cause a temporary transit disruption through the canal. Not good news for Egyptians as the food Egypt imports also comes through the canal.
- For a newly established government eager to prove its legitimacy, the most populist thing to do would be to significantly raise the Canal's Tariff: The tax levied by Egypt on all oil flowing through the canal. This would be in effect a tax on non-Egyptian oil to subsidize Egyptian food. As a result oil prices would soar worldwide.
Any temporary interruption in the Suez traffic would undoubtebly cause the US to open its 727 milion barrel strategic petroleum reserves to avoid domestic fuel shortages. A military intervention may be triggered in advance of a prolonged interruption to take over, secure and operate the Canal. It is in both the US and Egyptian national interests to keep both oil and food transiting securely through the canal. In 2010, Egypt was the second largest recipient of US military aid with 1.5 billion dollars.
as Egypt's post-peak oil production plummets, so do food subsidies and food prices surge.
Read more at oil-price.net
Food Riots: the shape of things to come
The pattern is identical across Middle Eastern oil exporters: most have either or are close to reaching peak oil and far from self-sufficience, they rely mostly on food imports subsidized by oil to feed their people. Decades of relying on easy oil revenue are culminating into a tragic finale. The release by Julian Assange of some key Wikileaks cables a month ago demonstrated that many high ranking officials in these countries are corrupt and feel no sympathy for their starving constituents. It also became evident that these same officials feared their people, in other words, the emperor wears no clothes. This has set the foundations of an unprecedented revolution throughout the Middle East, from which the West is struggling to make sense.
Will fundamentalists take over Egypt?
That is the two million dollar question. Unfortunately, democracies do not have a very successful track record in this part of the world, mostly due to external influences (For example, Iran 1953). What, in the case of Egypt, was originally a grassroots movement, coordinated via Facebook and Twitter, inspiring all generations and genders from all walks of life took a decisive turn when the Egyptian government hit the "kill switch" on the internet. Since then Mosques have become the only forum from which riots and demonstrations have been coordinated and, as the saying goes, there is no free lunch. Expect the Muslim Brotherhood party to gain seats in the new government.
David Cameron telah pun mengaturkan beberapa siri dialog dengan pemimpin kerajaan Mesir seperti Menteri pertahan Mesir, Mohamed Tantawi, dan juga Perdana Menteri Ahmed Shafiq.
David Cameron Juga dilaporkan telah pun Mengaturkan sesi Dialog dengan beberapa pemimpin Anti-Hosni .
Malangnya Pemimpin daripada Ikhwanul Muslimin Yang dikatakan SEBAGAI PENGGERAK UTAMA didalam krisis ini Telah pun terpinggir daripada sesi dialog bersama pemimpin Neo-kolonialis ini.
"Not Extremist" (Bukan Ekstrimis)- David Cameron
Apabila Dilontarkan mengenai kekejaman yang dilakukan oleh Rejim Sosialis Islam Muammar Gaddafi kepada Rakyat Libya David Cameron Berpendapat bahawa, Kekejaman yang dilakukan merupakan penganiayaan kepada Sebuah Negara yang autokratik dan tertutup.
Dengan Melihatkan kepada Situasi Ini, Nyata benar sentimen jihad atas landasan keagamaan telah memainkan PERANAN PENTING didalam mencetuskan kemarahan , Namun DISISIHKAN DAN TIDAK MENDAPAT PELUANG PENGIKTIRAFAN dan akan terus dipermainkan didalam menaikkan kemarahan rakyat.
Ketaksuban kepada Sosialis Islam yang mencetuskan kekejaman kepada rakyat yang dikatakan memberontak akan terus dipermainkan dan terus memberi isyarat kepada mana mana parti yang berteraskan kepada Ketaksuban Kultus Personaliti untuk tidak bertindak secara ekstrem seperti rejim Muamar Gaddafi.
Melihat pula Tindakan David Cameron yang seakan-akan menterjemahkan kembali Tanggung jawab "White Man's Burdern" di Mesir dalam siri lawatannya pada kali ini, Diakui Bahawa Mesir merupakan Bekas Jajahan Kolonial yang telah pun bebas Merdeka pada 22 Febuari 1922 Melalui Pengisytiharan Unilateral Kemerdekaan Mesir. yang dibuat oleh pihak British.
Termenung saya seketika memikirkan apakah ini Globalisasi Neokolonialisme.
Walau pun sudah terbau mungkin akan berlaku beberapa perkara yang kurang enak pada negara ini , tetapi didalam Hati saya Masih sangat Berharap bahawa ianya bukanlah Senjata Neo-kolonialisme !
David Cameron arrives for Egypt visit
David Cameron has arrived in Egypt, the first world leader to visit the country since President Hosni Mubarak was forced out of office.
The UK prime minister will hold talks with officials from the country, which is under military rule.
He said his visit was a "great opportunity" to push for democracy to be established in Egypt.
Mr Mubarak stood down 10 days ago amid widespread protests against his regime by pro-democracy activists.
Mr Cameron is due to hold talks with the head of the armed forces supreme council, defence minister Mohamed Tantawi, as well as the country's Prime Minister, Ahmed Shafiq.
Meetings with figures from the anti-Mubarak opposition movement have also been arranged, although they will not include representatives of the Muslim Brotherhood - the banned Islamic group which is thought to have widespread public support.
Speaking on the flight to Cairo, Mr Cameron said: "This is a great opportunity for us to go and talk to those currently running Egypt to make sure this really is a genuine transition from military rule to civilian rule and see what friendly countries like Britain and others in Europe can do to help.
David Cameron's visit comes just 10 days after Egypt's president was ousted
"I am particularly keen... to get to Egypt and to be one of the first people there."
Part of his agenda will be a call for the lifting of emergency laws, which have been in place for more than 30 years.
Mr Cameron said: "What is so refreshing about what's been happening is that this is not an Islamist revolt. This is not extremists on the streets. This is people who want to have the sort of basic freedoms that we take for granted in the UK."
The prime minister had planned to make a trade-centred tour of the Middle East but altered his schedule to visit Egypt.
BBC deputy political editor James Landale, who is travelling with Mr Cameron, said it was extraordinary for a British prime minister to engage in full-on diplomacy in a country that is still "in flux".
But he added: "The prime minister believes that there's a window of opportunity for western leaders like him to give what his advisers are calling 'candid' advice. The danger is that he's seen as lecturing a country and that he's seen as legitimising a temporary regime, rather than giving it a further nudge towards reform."
The visit also comes while anti-government protests are raging in Libya and Bahrain.
Asked about the violent treatment of demonstrators against Muammar Gaddafi's regime in Libya in recent days, Mr Cameron said: "Our message, as it has been throughout this - I think we have been extremely consistent in saying that the response to the aspirations people are showing on the streets of these countries must be one of reform not repression.
Continue reading the main story
“What is happening in Libya which completely appalling and unacceptable”
"We can see what is happening in Libya which is completely appalling and unacceptable as the regime is using the most vicious forms of repression against people who want to see that country, which is one of the most closed and one of the most autocratic, make progress.
William Hague: Libya should respect "basic international human rights' norms"
Meanwhile, UK Foreign Secretary William Hague is in Brussels for talks on the violence in Libya.
Oil firm BP has said it is preparing to evacuate some of its staff and their families from the country over the next day or so. The company has 40 foreign employees in Libya.
Setelah menikmati satu tempoh pemerintahan yang Panjang, Muammar Gaddafi Pejuang Sosialis Islam Yang pernah menjadi pujaan Ibrahim Libya pula yang akan di tumbangkan didalam gerakan demokrasi rakyat di negara libya.
Libya protests: Activists call for 'day of anger'
Anti-government activists in Libya have been using social networking sites to rally support for protests on what they are describing as a "day of anger".
There were reports of clashes in two cities late on Wednesday, with two people reported dead in the eastern city of Beyida.
Dozens of people were injured in violent demonstrations on Tuesday night in the eastern city of Benghazi.
The unrest there followed the detention of an outspoken government critic.
Pro-democracy protests have recently swept through several Arab nations, with the presidents of Tunisia and Egypt forced to resign amid growing unrest.
But this week's demonstrations were the first display of defiance in Libya, where dissent is rarely tolerated.
Witnesses say that at one stage up to 2,000 people were involved in the protests early on Wednesday in Benghazi, which saw a march on government offices in the city.
The protesters are said to have thrown stones and petrol bombs, and set vehicles alight. Witnesses said police used rubber bullets and water cannon to disperse them.
The protests reportedly began after the arrest of Fathi Terbil, who represents relatives of more than 1,000 prisoners allegedly massacred by security forces in Tripoli's Abu Salim jail in 1996. He was later said to have been freed.
In a speech broadcast on Wednesday evening, Colonel Gaddafi made no mention of the unrest but said the "revolutionaries" would prevail.
"Down with the enemies, down with them everywhere; down with the puppets everywhere, the puppets are falling, the autumn leaves are falling!" Mr Gaddafi said.
"The puppets of the USA, the puppets of Zionism are falling."
In a statement issued after the Benghazi clashes, a senior Libyan official warned that the authorities "will not allow a group of people to move around at night and play with the security of Libya".
It added: "The clashes last night were between small groups of people - up to 150. Some outsiders infiltrated that group. They were trying to corrupt the local legal process which has long been in place.
"We will not permit that at all, and we call on Libyans to voice their issues through existing channels, even if it is to call for the downfall of the government," said the official, who was not identified.
More than 100 members of a banned Islamist militant group were freed from Abu Salim on Wednesday. It is not clear if the Benghazi clashes and the release of the inmates were connected.
The European Union, meanwhile, has urged Libya to allow "free expression".
"We also call for calm and for all violence to be avoided," said a spokeswoman for EU foreign policy chief Baroness Ashton.
Colonel Gaddafi is the Arab world's longest-serving leader, having ruled oil-rich Libya since a coup in 1969.
He has always insisted that the country is run by a series of peoples' committees, though most outside observers believe it is a police state with him firmly in control, the BBC's Jon Leyne reports.
The Middle East has recently seen a wave of protests fuelled by discontent over unemployment, rising living costs, corruption and autocratic leaderships.
This began with the overthrow of Tunisia's leader, Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, in January. Last week, President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt resigned.
Read more at www.bbc.co.uk
In recent days there have also been anti-government demonstrations in Yemen, Bahrain, and Iran.
US Senate votes to extend Patriot Act measures
The US Senate has voted to extend controversial surveillance powers granted by the Patriot Act law, put in place after the 9/11 attacks.
By a vote of 86-12, the Senate approved a 90-day extension of wiretaps, access to business records and surveillance of terror suspects.
The move came one day after the House of Representatives voted to extend the provisions until 8 December.
The White House backed the bill, but would have favoured a longer extension.
The House and Senate must now reach a compromise on extending the surveillance powers, which are set to expire on 28 February.
The brief extension gives those in Congress a chance to review the measures that some claim are unconstitutional infringements on personal liberties.
The provisions covered under the bill give the US government the authority for "roving surveillance" of suspects who might be able to thwart investigative methods that ordinarily require a judge's warrant.
They also give federal investigators access to business records with a warrant from a secret national security court and grant federal law enforcement greater power to watch foreign so-called "lone wolf" terror suspects.
The Patriot Act was shepherded through Congress by President George W Bush shortly after the terror attacks of 11 September, 2001.
Read more at www.bbc.co.ukMr Bush and other supporters argued that the legal safeguards traditionally granted to criminal suspects left the US ill-protected against further attacks.
Dengan tercetusnya Provokasi Israel-Iran, Menjadikan Harga Minyak Kian Meningkat kepada 99.00 USD Setong pada pasaran Opec
Selain itu, Bagi Brent Oil bagi pasaran timur tengah pula telah melonjak kepada 104.52USD Setong.
OPEC daily basket price stood at $99.00 a barrel Tuesday, 15 February 2011
Vienna, 16 Feb. 2011--The price of OPEC basket of twelve crudes stood at 99.00 dollars a barrel on Tuesday, compared with $98.24 the previous day, according to OPEC Secretariat calculations. (View Archives).
The new OPEC Reference Basket of Crudes (ORB) is made up of the following: Saharan Blend (Algeria), Girassol (Angola), Oriente (Ecuador), Iran Heavy (Islamic Republic of Iran), Basra Light (Iraq), Kuwait Export (Kuwait), Es Sider (Libya), Bonny Light (Nigeria), Qatar Marine (Qatar), Arab Light (Saudi Arabia), Murban (UAE) and Merey (Venezuela).
Brent oil hits 29-month high on Israel-Iran tensions
Read more at www.reuters.com
(Reuters) - Oil price surged on Wednesday after Israel's foreign ministers said two Iranian warships planned to sail through the Suez canal en route to Syria.
Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman called the move the latest "provocation" by Iran, which Israel sees a major threat due to the OPEC nation's nuclear program. The countries' geographical distance has kept them from open confrontation, but Syria is one of Israel's neighboring foes and an ally of Tehran.
The news lifted Brent crude to 29-month highs and added to Middle East jitters after reports of clashes in Iran, Yemen and Bahrain, raising concerns about disruption to oil flows.
Unrest in Egypt helped push Brent crude over $100 a barrel in late January, helping send its premium to U.S. oil futures to record levels over $16 a barrel.
Brent crude rose $2.40 to $104.04 at 12:08 p.m. EST, after hitting $104.52 earlier, the highest level since September 2008. U.S. crude gained $1.16 to $85.48 a barrel.
Brent's stronger gains pushed its premium to U.S. crude to $15.56 a barrel on Wednesday, as high inventory levels at the Cushing, Oklahoma, delivery point for the New York Mercantile Exchange oil futures contract weigh on U.S. prices.
A rare show of unrest in Libya added to fears that the kind of unrest that toppled the presidents of Egypt and Tunisia could spread to oil-producing countries in the Middle East.
"Troubles in the Middle East are back on the agenda, protests in Bahrain and Saudi have drummed up political tension," said Rob Montefusco, an oil trader at Sucden Financial.
Crude earlier rose following the release of U.S. inventory data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration, which showed an 860,000-barrel build in crude inventories in the week to February 11, below analyst expectations.
Stockpiles at Cushing rose by 250,000 barrels, while crude imports fell by 653,000 barrels per day to 8.23 million bpd. [ID:nN16298523] (Reporting by Robert Gibbons and Gene Ramos in New York, Jessica Donati in London and Jennifer Tan in Singapore; Editing by Lisa Shumaker)
Any Further comment ?
Foto Singh Is Kinng - Gambar Dinding
Read more at www.facebook.comWho is Erry Putra ... is he jambu ... does he look like Saiful ... don't get it wrong brothers and sisters because I'm not accusing anyone of anything here ... just trying to make sense of Anwar Ibrahim's twitter ... HA HA HA
TERGAMAM SAYA MENDENGAR RAKAMAN PERBUALAN TELEFON INI.
Hampir saya tidak percaya apabila mendengar rakaman perbualan ini apabila diberikan pautan video ini.
Ada apa-apa penjelasan daripada mana-mana pihak ?
Berharap ada penjelasan daripada Pihak berkuasa Agama Negeri Kelantan Mengenai Hal ini.
Mesir Telah pun dilaporkan Bebas. Tetapi, Bagaimana pula dengan Gaza?
Setelah Mesir telah pun bebas daripada cengkaman Kuku besi, Pembebasan Komander Hamas, didalam Serangan ke penjara Al-Mansoura telah pun menjadi sebab diantara Rakyat Palestin di Semenanjung Gaza menjadi mangsa keadaan dimana mereka telah pun terputus hubungan bantuan perubatan akibat daripada penutupan sempadan di Rafah.
Ratusan Mereka yang memerlukan bantuan perubatan di Mesir sekarang masih tersekat di pintu sempadan Rafah pada ketika ini menantikan masa untuk mereka dibawa keluar dari Gaza untuk menerima rawatan di Mesir.
8:16pm The fall of the regime in Egypt has raised hopes in the Gaza Strip, as Palestinians look for an easing of restrictions at the border.The Rafah crossing has been closed for the last few weeks and patients can not get out of Gaza for treatment. Oure correspondent Nicole Johnston reports from Gaza.Read more at blogs.aljazeera.net
Kamunting Central melaporkan ,
Bahaya....!!!Baru minggu lepas malam Jumaat rakan KC parking kereta di parking awam. Semasa nak balik ke rumahnya terperasan ada pelekat kat cermin belakang kereta saya. Bila dia tanggalkan pelekat tu kat rumah, rupa2nya Cuma resit pam minyak .Read more at kamuntingcentral.blogspot.com
Tak lama lepas itu dia terima email ini." AMARAN DARI PIHAK POLIS - BERHATI2 PADA KERTAS YANG MELEKAT PADA CERMIN BELAKANG KENDERAAN ANDA-- CARA TERBARU UNTUK MENCURI KERETA ( INI BUKAN GURAUAN )
Sedarlah semua! Tolong sebar2kan..... Kita berjalan menghampiri tempat parking, membuka kerata dan masuk kedalamnya. Kita start engine kereta dan bersedia untuk berundur.
Bila kita melihat cermin belakang untuk melihat kawasan belakang, kita dapati ada kertas yg melekat ditengah2 cermin belakang menghalang pandangan kita. Jadi kita parking balik kereta, buka pintu dan keluar untuk menanggalkan kertas (atau apa jua benda) yang menghalang penglihatan kita tadi.
Bila anda sampai dibahagian belakang kereta, pada masa itulah pencuri itu akan keluar dari tempat sembunyinya, masuk kedalam kereta dan memecut pergi.
In the early months of 1988, the Chinese navy had landed troops on five reefs and atolls that belong to the area of Spratly Islands. Three of them lie quite near the large islands of which Vietnam is in possession. The Vietnamese navy then ferried supplies and equipment to six other reefs and atolls. They successfully gained control of them and prevent the Chinese navy from extending their occupied zone into the other islands. In early March, the High Command of Vietnamese navy decided to take control over three reefs because they were still being fallow and form an open chain of reefs around Sin Cowe island that were in control of Vietnam. On March 13th, in late evening three transport ships of Vietnam arrived in time at those reefs and set up the flags to present Vietnamese sovereignty over them. However, some hours after the Vietnamese transport ships had reached target, four large Chinese warships got close to the Vietnamese and switched on the warning loudspeaker. They were equipped with advanced 100mm guns, missiles and torpedoes. Despite threat from Chinese warships, the Vietnamese transport ships patiently kept dropped anchor beside the reefs. They were not enough powerful to confront the Chinese and did not advocate escalating the conflict. The strain continued until early morning when the Chinese floated the boats and caused more conflicts for the battle breaking out. All the Chinese, especially soldiers, are taught that the ocean area of Spratly islands with hundreds islands, reefs and atolls belongs to China, although it lies at a distance of over 1000 km far from the undermost Chinese coast at Hainan island. The Chinese continued being ordered to take an oath before every floating boats that carried many armed marines.Read more at www.youtube.com
The Chinese boats rushed straight towards the reefs and approached the Vietnamese transport ships. Standing on the reefs on which the water level covers the half of their bodies, the Vietnamese sailors set up commanding positions along edge of the reefs to lay the defending lines and try to prevent the enemy from advancing forward. Seen from the air, they formed a circle. The Vietnamese defenders were absolutely outnumbered by Chinese troops and also were being threatened to be retreat from the reefs on which the flags were already planted as reaffirmation of sovereignty. Just because Vietnamese navy had refused to withdraw troops from the reef, the Chinese then used battleships for firing with 37 mm directly on the unarmed and light armed Vietnamese sailors on the reefs who were not able to attack them in their defending positions. They also fired with 100mm gun on the three Vietnamese transport ships and seriously damaged them, until two of them sank.64 Vietnamese sailors and officers lost their lives, among them were only 3 corpse were found after the end of battle,61 other persons still missed and reputedly dead. During the clash, two students in practice training from Academy of Vietnamese navy died while taking part in fighting on one of Vietnamese transports. The Chinese claim of their own casualties: 6 killed and 21 injured in combat. Eventually Vietnam defended successfully sovereignty over two reefs on that day. China has occupied the other ones since that incident.
ARKIB : 16/05/2009
APA sahaja isu yang berkaitan dengan Kepulauan Spratly dan Paracel yang terletak di Laut China Selatan sudah pasti mengundang reaksi yang agak keras. Kawasan tersebut sedang menyaksikan tuntutan bertindih antara beberapa negara.
Sudah agak lama tidak kedengaran berita mengenai tuntutan kepulauan tersebut kerana negara yang terlibat seperti China, Filipina, Vietnam, Taiwan, Brunei dan Malaysia lebih selesa mengekalkan status-quo.
Tetapi sejak kebelakangan ini, berlaku beberapa peristiwa yang boleh mencetuskan kembali suasana panas di Spratly dan Paracel. Kesemuanya berlaku ekoran tindakan Suruhanjaya Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu mengenai Batas-Batas Pelantar Benua (CLCS) yang meminta penghujahan daripada negara-negara terbabit dalam usaha memperjelaskan batas-batas luar tuntutan maritim sesebuah negara apabila pelantar benua menganjur lebih 200 batu nautika dari sesuatu garis dasar seperti pantai negara itu. Tarikh akhir penghantaran hujahan adalah pada 13 Mei lalu.
Gambar dari udara yang dirakam oleh Tentera Udara Filipina pada November 2003 yang menunjukkan China membina bangunan di Terumbu Mischief, Kepulauan Spratly.
Ekoran permintaan CLCS, kerajaan Filipina pada Mac lepas telah mengisytiharkan pembentukan undang-undang garis dasar maritim yang boleh dianggap sebagai bakal menghidupkan kembali sensitiviti tuntutan bertindih Kepulauan Spratly.
Pengumuman oleh Presiden Gloria Macapagal Arroyo tersebut mendapat bantahan keras daripada Beijing. Ini kerana China terlibat secara langsung terhadap kesan pembentukan garis dasar tersebut. Jika diteliti unjuran garis dasar Filipina, maka sudah pasti Kepulauan Kalayaan dan Beting Scarborough yang juga dituntut oleh Beijing, adalah milik Manila.
Beijing membantah keras tindakan Manila kerana ia telah mengugat status-quo isu tuntutan bertindih yang melibatkan Kepulauan Kalayaan dan Beting Scarborough.
Beijing bukan sahaja membuat bantahan diplomatik, tetapi mengambil tindakan lebih nekad dengan menghantar kapal peronda Yuzheng 311 ke kawasan itu.
Kehadiran Yuzheng 311 sudah pasti tidak disenangi oleh negara lain kerana tafsiran yang mudah ialah Beijing sanggup menggunakan kekuatan tentera untuk melindungi hak mereka.
Insiden tahun 1995 sudah pasti menghantui semula apabila Beijing menggunakan segala kekuatan tentera laut mereka untuk menawan semula Terumbu Mischief yang diduduki oleh tentera Filipina.
Jurucakap Kementerian Luar China bagaimanapun memberi jaminan bahawa kehadiran Yuzheng 311 tidak memberi makna bahawa Beijing akan mengabaikan proses rundingan penyelesaian tuntutan bertindih ke atas Spratly dan Paracel.
Malah Beijing akan tetap terus mematuhi Deklarasi Mengenai Tatacara Pihak Berkenaan di Laut China Selatan yang ditandatangani bersama dengan ASEAN pada 2002. Salah satu sebab utama mengapa deklarasi ASEAN-China tersebut diwujudkan ialah untuk mengelak daripada berulangnya insiden 1995.
Akibat pergeseran Beijing dan Manila, Menteri Luar Malaysia pada ketika itu, Datuk Seri Dr. Rais Yatim, menekankan bahawa Kuala Lumpur tidak akan mengambil tindakan melulu sebagai balasan terhadap tindakan Beijing tersebut. Malah akan mempergiatkan lagi rundingan selaras dengan deklarasi ASEAN-China seperti yang dipersetujui oleh semua pihak.
Tetapi apabila Malaysia dan Vietnam beberapa hari lepas mengemukakan hujah masing-masing kepada CLCS mengenai batas maritim yang dituntut, China sekali lagi mengemukakan bantahan kepada PBB. Walaupun kapal perang tidak dihantar ke kawasan berkenaan tetapi kenyataan keras yang dikeluarkan sudah pasti akan mengeruhkan lagi suasana.
Antara lain Beijing menekankan bahawa mereka memiliki "kedaulatan yang tidak boleh dipertikaikan" dan tidak akan bertolak-ansur terhadap negara-negara lain yang turut menuntut pulau-pulau berkenaan.
Secara khususnya beberapa gugusan Kepulauan Spratly milik Malaysia seperti Pulau Ubi, Pulau Siput, Pulau Mathanena dan Pulau Peninjau adalah termasuk dalam amaran yang dikeluarkan oleh Beijing.
Perlu ditekankan Angkatan Tentera Malaysia telah menempatkan aset serta anggota tentera di gugusan Kepulauan Spratly milik negara. Ekoran daripada amaran terbaru Beijing itu, Panglima Tentera Laut, Laksamana Datuk Seri Abdul Aziz Jaafar telah menegaskan operasi rondaan tetap dijalankan seperti biasa dan memastikan kehadiran ATM untuk mengesahkan hak milik Malaysia.
Setakat ini, Beijing belum lagi mengambil tindakan secara fizikal untuk menafikan tuntutan Malaysia kepada CLCS seperti yang telah dilakukan terhadap Manila dengan menghantar kapal peronda Yuzheng 311.
CLCS setakat ini telah menerima hujahan tuntutan maritim dari 48 negara yang kebanyakannya merupakan tuntutan bertindih. Selain daripada tuntutan ke atas Kepulauan Spratly, pertikaian sempadan maritim Rusia-Denmark, Jepun-Rusia dan Britain-Argentina mengenai Kepulauan Falklands juga diterima oleh CLCS.
Sebenarnya, Beijing tidak perlu mengambil tindakan yang agak agresif ekoran hujahan Manila, Hanoi dan Kuala Lumpur kepada CLCS. Ini adalah kerana suruhanjaya tersebut tidak akan menerima sebarang hujahan penempatan sempadan yang mempunyai tuntutan yang bertindih.
Apabila Beijing menegaskan mereka mempunyai hak yang tidak boleh dipertikaikan ke atas Kepulauan Spratly, hujah yang sama juga telah digunakan oleh Manila, Hanoi dan Kuala Lumpur iaitu mengambil kira peruntukan yang dibenarkan oleh Konvensyen PBB mengenai Undang-Undang Laut (UNCLOS) dan Peraturan Prosedur CLCS.
Seperti yang telah ditekankan oleh Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur mempunyai mekanisme untuk menyelesaikan tuntutan bertindih itu selain dibantu oleh prinsip undang-undang antarabangsa. Beijing tidak boleh terlalu angkuh dan sensitif kerana negara lain juga mempunyai hak yang serupa.
Beijing perlu mengehadkan penggunaan pendekatan fizikal melalui aset tentera laut mereka kerana ini bakal mengundang tindakan serupa dari negara lain.
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Negara yang terlibat sudah pasti tidak mahu terjerumus dalam senario yang agak melampau seperti yang dilakukan oleh Moscow pada 2007 apabila menempatkan bendera di dasar laut Kutub Utara ekoran pertindihan tuntutan dengan Copenhagen.